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Social structure is a term used in the social sciences to refer to patterned social arrangements which form the society as a whole, and which determine, to some varying degree, the actions of the individuals socialized into that structure. The meaning of “social structure” differs between various fields of sociology. On the macro scale, it can refer to the system of socioeconomic stratification (e.g., the class structure), social institutions, or, other patterned relations between large social groups. On the meso scale, it can refer to the structure of social network ties between individuals or organizations. On the micro scale, it can refer to the way norms shape the behavior of actors within the social system.
These meanings are not always kept separate. For example, recent scholarship by John Levi Martin has theorized that certain macro-scale structures are the emergent properties of micro-scale cultural institutions (this meaning of “structure” resembles that used by anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss).
The English word ‘society’ can be stretched or narrowed to cover almost any form of association of persons possessing any degree of common interests, values, or goals. ‘Society’ in the nineteenth century meant the upper classes; one might now refer to ‘international academic society’ or ‘European society’, though these uses might be disputed. The primary and most normal sense refers to a society defined by the boundaries of the state, even though this usage is odd and potentially misleading in the many cases where there is more than one sizeable ethnic or cultural group in a society, like Canada and South Africa.
Philosophy Dictionary: society
A group of persons unified by a distinctive and systematic set of normative relations, whereby actions of one are perceived as meriting characteristic responses by others. To be part of the same society is to be subject to these norms of interaction.
A society is a group of humans or other organisms of a single species that is delineated by the bounds of cultural identity, social solidarity, functional interdependence, or eusociality. Human societies are characterized by patterns of relationships between individuals that share a distinctive culture or institutions. Like other groups, a society allows its individual members to achieve individual needs or wishes that they could not fulfill separately by themselves, without the existence of the social group. Society, however, may be unique in that it is ontologically independent of, and utterly irreducible to, the qualities of its constituent individuals. As a reality sui generis, or “of its own kind”, it is emergently composed of social facts that often hinder rather than help the pursuits of the subjects that form its physical and psychological underpinnings.
More broadly, a society is an economic, social or industrial infrastructure, made up of a varied multitude of individuals. Members of a society may be from different ethnic groups. A society may be a particular ethnic group, such as the Saxons; a nation state, such as Bhutan; a broader cultural group, such as a Western society; or even a social organism such as an ant colony.
The word society may also refer to an organized voluntary association of people for religious, benevolent, cultural, scientific, political, patriotic, or other purposes.
wt is this? i cant undrstand it
GDB - ISL solution
Quran Says , O you who belive! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority ( ulu’l-amr) from among you; then if u quarrel about any thing refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you belive in Allah and the last day:this is better very good in the end.
The sentence “obey Allah and obey the Messenger”, is in fact the basis of all divine laws and the
shari’ah. To obey Allah means to obey Him in all the realities and the laws He sent to us through His Messenger. To obey the Messenger means to obey his orders which emanate from his legislative authority based on divine revelation and what he, in his wisdom and what Allah has taught him, decides in administrative and judicial matters. There is a suggestion in the verse by the repetition of the word ‘obey’ that the Messenger’s obedience is distinct from Allah’s obedience, although his obedience is in reality the obedience of Allah Himself because it is Allah who has obliged us to obey the Messenger.
As in Quran says in above verse: To obey Allah is to follow His book, and to obey the Prophet is to follow the Sunnah. Sunnah is in fact divine revelation, which the Prophet was charged with delivering. The command is not, it may be noted, repeated in the verse before “those among you who have been entrusted with authority”, which means that obedience to them is conditional upon their orders being in accordance with the Quran and Sunnah.
In the Qur'an Allah tells believers to be affectionate toward each other, speak good words, and behave modestly. Commanding the right, forbidding the wrong, communicating the moral values of Islam to all humanity are set out as obligatory duties (fara'id). Cleanliness has been made obligatory. However, such matters are explained in the Qur'an in certain ways. Believers learn about the examples how to actually implement all these commands in their lives by means of the practices of the Prophet (saas). In the Qur'an, Allah (swt) reveals:
You have an excellent model in the Messenger of Allah, for all who put their hope in Allah and the Last Day and remember Allah much. (Surat al-Ahzab :21)
Therefore, when disagreement arises, believers are obliged to turn to the Qur'an and the Sunnah, Islam's two fundamental reference points:
If you disagree about something, refer it back to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day.
That is the best thing to do and gives the best result. (Surat an-Nisa': 59)
Not only did the Prophet (saas) transmit the verses he received from Allah (swt) to humanity, but he also explained them. Therefore, the Sunnah can be regarded as the interpretation of the Qur'an. Viewing it in this way will protect it from corruption, misunderstanding, and distortion and also facilitate its being understood.
Not paste n copy,,,
nice one liked by me.............!