¤Virtual University Of Pakistan Network¤
“ABC Company has expanded its operations and purchased some furniture for its recently rented show room situated in north of the city, which is expected to have useful life of five years. During the same year the company purchased furniture and other home accessories from renowned designers and sold it to customers from its show room.
You are required to identify the account heads in which the above purchases of furniture will be recorded and why? You need to give valid reasons to support your answer.”
In a typical 2-column manual accounting system, transactions are entered as debits to one (or more) account and balancing credits to one (or more) account. If you consider some recurring transactions (such as sales) that will hopefully occur many times during an accounting cycle,all this double entry can add up to a lot of work. That's where special journals come into play.
Special journals are designed as a simple way to record a single type of frequently occurring transaction. The types of special journals depends on the nature of the business, but a few types are frequently seen in businesses that rely on manual accounting procedures:
In Figure A below, you'll see five credit purchase transactions posted to the Purchasing Journal. Note that each transaction reflects a credit to Accounts Payable, and a debit to one or more debit accounts depending on the transaction.
(To see Figure A, click the A button in the flash progran at the bottom of this page. This is where you'll find all the figures for this tutorial.)
When you record credit purchases in your Purchasing Journal, the column values are posted like so:
When merchandise purchased is subsequently returned, or the seller grants an adjustment to price, this entry is recorded in the general journal.
(Remember, the purchases journal is used for recording credit purchases only. Purchases returns are not credit purchases, and do not fit into any of the special journals, so they go in the general journal.)
The credit portion of the transaction is recorded in the Purchases Returns and Allowances account in the general journal, while the debit portion is recorded in the Accounts Payable account (as shown inFigure E below).
In the case of a non-merchandise return or allowance, Accounts Payable is credited. The account that was credited in the original transaction is debited (as shown in Figure E below).
The Purchases Journal is a special journal designed to record a single type of frequently occurring transaction — in this case, credit purchases. This tutorial cover the concept of the purchases journal from the original transactions through the posting process.
ABC Company has expanded its operations and purchased some furniture for its recently rented show room situated in north of the city, which is expected to have useful life of five years.
This furniture is not meant for resale; therefore, it should be capitalized and depreciated under "Property, Plant, and Equipment".
During the same year the company purchased furniture and other home accessories from renowned designers and sold it to customers from its show room.
This furniture is meant for resale; therefore, it should be listed under "Inventory
thank you Maria Khan...
the home accessories will be the owner's own expense but the furniture for the show room will be counted in his bussnice assets or expences